A volunteer has repaired the phone box outside St. Mary’s school. Two panes of glass that had been vandalised have been replaced, the box swept out, windows cleaned and the outside given a much needed wash down. As part of the Frensham Red Phone Box Project run by the parish council, this box will become an art gallery and display space curated by councillor Fiona Scimone. The project is financed by a grant from the Heritage Lottery Fund.
|Frensham Parish Council is thrilled to announce the award of a £10,000 Heritage Lottery Fund (HLF) Sharing Heritage grant for its Red Phone Box Project. The idea is to provide a new use for the three red phone boxes within the parish, by turning them into a mini-museum, a gallery and a visitor’s centre. Local people will be able to contribute ideas and memories for display, an interactive element will tell local stories, whilst visitors can learn about the area’s history and heritage.
Project leader, councillor David Fairhead said: “This generous award gives us a fantastic opportunity, not only to preserve these iconic bits of architecture, but also to give them a new use for the 21st century, so that future generations can appreciate them. Not only do they represent the best of British design, but also give us an opportunity to create something unique and special for both the community and visitors to this beautiful part of the world.”
|Stuart McLeod, Head of the Heritage Lottery Fund, South East England, said: “Sharing Heritage is a wonderful opportunity for communities to delve into their local heritage and we are delighted to be able to offer this grant so that The Frensham Red Phone Box Project can embark on a real journey of discovery. Heritage means such different things to different people, and HLF’s funding offers a wealth of opportunities for groups to explore and celebrate what’s important to them in their area.”|
August 2013. All the glass that had been removed from the box was washed and carefully wrapped to guard from breakages, and replacement panes ordered from our friends at Unicorn. Glazing sealant was purchased and now, finally, the box has had all of its missing glass replaced. Over the years, BT had replaced broken panes with an unbreakable (bulletproof!) polycarbonate that, whilst having the advantage of low maintenance, also became cloudy and discoloured over time. This has now all been swapped for toughened glass. The finishing touch was a coat of gloss black on the footing at the bottom of the casting. Once again, a number of local residents stopped to give their support for the project. The picture shows John Oxley and David Fairhead peering through some of the new glazing frames before they are fitted.
June 2013. Over the weekend,the Sandy Lane box was given a second coat of GPO Red by two volunteers. We also fixed the door closing mechanism, which means that the door is no longer held shut by a cable tie! Next step is to clean the windows up and then reinstall them with copious amounts of sealant.
June 2013. The new door has been put back into the St. Mary’s box by two volunteers. This was to replace the old one which had rotted at the bottom and warped, meaning that it no longer closed properly. Eagle-eyed readers will note that the colour doesn’t match… that’s because the door is still in its primer. The box is scheduled to be painted this month, and once that’s done, the glass will be cleaned up and put back in.
May 2013 – Over the weekend of the 25th/26th May, a team of 11 volunteers – young and old – gave the Sandy Lane box its first coat of Post Office Red in quite a few years. The younger team members even managed to get some of their paint on the box! We also removed a lot of the glass and interior beading, so that it can be cleaned up and then refitted with new sealant. This is to stop moisture building up and rusting the cast iron frames. These will be refitted over the coming weeks. We received many appreciative comments and words of support from local residents and passers by. Thanks to all those who were able to help.
In response to a parishioner who was concerned about the progress of works, here’s an update of where we are to date:
April 2013 – St. Mary’s door taken to Unicorn by two volunteers and exchanged for another that’s been repaired. Here’s a panoramic view of the Unicorn depot:
April 2013 – Exterior of Sandy Lane Box wire brushed, sanded and all bare metal primed by three volunteers. Laurel cut back (again!)
March 2013 – fitting of the restored door to the Sandy Lane box by two volunteers.
March 2013 – removal of damaged door from the St. Mary’s box by two volunteers. All perspex windows also taken out, in readiness for painting.
Winter 2012/13 – Sandy Lane box replacement door stripped, broken windows replaced and timber repaired. Door primed and painted. Work carried out by one volunteer.
Winter 2012 – New paint ordered and delivered from Unicorn.
Summer 2012 – works on Sandy Lane box hampered by bad weather and availability of volunteers. Paint delivered to the British Legion so that they can carry out their own painting.
July 2012 – concrete retaining wall at St. Mary’s box constructed, by two volunteers (This was to prevent future ingress of earth from the hedge, which had been the source of the damp)
May 2012 – St. Mary’s box tidied up by one volunteer. Vegetation cut back and the earth bank dug out. This had allowed damp to penetrate into the wooden frame of the door, warping it and preventing it from shutting.
May 2012 – Sandy Lane box washed down, and tidied up by four volunteers. Overhanging vegetation cut back and disposed of and the earth bank dug out to prevent corrosion to the bottom of the box. Also, it can be seen that the box has been tilted slightly – Tower of Pisa style! – by the roots from the big Scot’s Pine to the right of the box.
March 2012 – Two volunteers collect replacement glass, glazing frames, various fittings, paint and primer from Unicorn Kiosks in Reigate.
October 2011 – All 3 boxes surveyed by fellow phone box restorer Kevin Davis from Brookwood. His advice informs our purchase of spares.
The red phone box on the corner of Sandy Lane in Rushmoor has been a fixture of the landscape for as long as any resident can remember. To all intents and purposes, it has always been there – although in reality only since the GPO moved it from in front of the Post Office on the Rushmoor Straight, where it was first installed it in 1951. It has survived 70 years of use and abuse, numerous summer heath fires and the snow of icy winters. Frensham has two other surviving boxes – one outside St. Mary’s School, the other outside the British Legion. All have seen better days.
|Sandy Lane||St Marys||British Legion|
Strangely, their final adversary is what they were built for – telecommunications. Technology is marching on, and the mobile phone has rendered the phone box all but redundant. Something that appeared to be so permanent, seems no longer to have a place.
The first telephone boxes were introduced by the General Post Office in 1920, when the idea of the public telephone first came in to being. At the time, few people could afford their own phone as the infrastructure of cables and exchanges had not been established. The K1 – Kiosk No.1 – boxes were made of concrete and 1000 were erected around the country. Unfortunately, they didn’t meet with the approval of London’s planning authorities, and in 1924 a limited competition was held amongst architects to come up with something better. The winner was Giles Gilbert Scott, who came up with a design to be made of mild steel with a roof shaped to look like one of Sir John Soane’s mausoleums – which was not surprising, given that Scott was a trustee of the Sir John Soane museum. The GPO decided that the box – designated the K2 – would be more durable in cast iron (how right they were) and decided on a red paint finish, so that it would stand out more. It’s hard to believe now that there was a public outcry about this, and for some years, especially in rural areas, many boxes were painted grey. 205 K2 boxes still survive, with listed status and can be identified by the perforated detail around the crown and their substantial size. In 1935, Scott completed a major redesign. The K6 was brought into service to commemorate the silver jubilee of George V, and was the classic design of phone box that still decorates our land. Slightly smaller than the K2, over 70,000 were installed up and own the country, and in British territories around the globe. One final design tweak was the use of the St. Edwards crown to signify the advent of the new Elizabethan era, post 1952.
So the boxes in our area were installed as the phone network expanded. For many years they acted as the sole source of telephone communication for families throughout the area, and queues outside them were not uncommon. Few houses had their own phone line, but would often share a ‘party line’ with a number of other households. This would act as a great source of gossip for nosey neighbours who could listen in on other people’s conversations! Each town and often villages too, would have an exchange building where operators would connect calls by plugging cables into a patch panel, thus connecting calls into the larger network. Manual exchanges were gradually replaced by the automated mechanical Strowger apparatus which worked by responding to the electrical impulses from the telephone dial. The exchange at Longmoor Camp amazingly still has one of these! The Strowger was a very complicated system that required large buildings to house it, and highly trained engineers to maintain it.
Today, of course, that’s all changed. Digital exchanges, tiny by comparison, can handle a volume of calls far greater and incomparably faster than the old electro-mechanical exchanges or human operators. Yet for all that, the number of landline calls is falling as people make greater use of mobile technology. But there is still a valid and invaluable use for the network, the same copper cables installed all those years ago, as a means of connecting us all to the world wide web – our portal into the information age.
But what of those icons, those sentinels of that older age – the phone box? Perhaps now is the time to find a new use for Gilbert Scott’s iconic piece of street furniture. They might be small, but they offer a unique space and position. In Sandy Lane, we have a plan. We are going to turn our box into a tiny gallery or a miniature museum, using the windows as the display space. The residents are keen to see the box preserved and so this offers a chance to save it for future generations, and for it to play a new part in our community. There are plenty of ideas for exhibitions, as we live in a landscape with many historic and geographic points of interest – the Jumps, The Flashes, the barrows on the King’s Ridge, Hankley Common, the Atlantic Wall, the ponds. A number of fascinating people have lived here, both famous and unknown to the world outside: David Lloyd George, Sir Arthur Conan Doyle and many others. Events too: there are also artists, photographers and printmakers who could contribute to exhibitions.
The box at St. Mary’s has two suggested uses at the moment – either as a book exchange, especially of children’s books, considering its location, or as an information kiosk for visitors to the area. A small team of local residents, together with support from the school, will deal with that.
The box outside the British Legion, will be looked after by the Legion itself and perhaps restored back to an earlier specification – to the golden era of the public telephone – if one ever existed!
So, with the boxes now adopted by the Parish Council, and with a budget set for their renovation and ongoing maintenance, the work can begin. If you’d like to be involved, please do get in touch with us.